Virtual, 12 March 2021– Since 1955, the
United Nations Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, has been held
every 5 years as the largest platform for Member States, International
Organizations (IGOs), Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and experts to discuss
and develop the field of crime and criminal justice. Due to the Covid-19
pandemic, the 2020 Congress was postponed to 7-12 March 2021 and was held in hybrid
format from Kyoto, Japan. This, the 14th Congress which included 5600
registered participants representing 152 Member States, 37 IGOs and 114 NGOs.
Of the 150
ancillary meetings held over the 5-day event, the UNODC Centres of Excellence (CoE)
partnered to discuss the importance of crime statistics in the session
“Modernizing Crime and Criminal Justice Statistics”, 12 March.
The session was moderated
by Ms. Angela Me, Chief, Research and Trend Analysis Branch, UNODC with
presentations from Ms. Salomé Flores Sierra, Coordinator, UNODC-INEGI CoE and
Mr. Matthew Harris-Williams, Researcher, UNODC-KOSTAT CoE. The presentations
gave examples of CoE support using international standards in crime data
collection for evidence-based policymaking and the best practice of Member
States in the development of administrative crime records, crime victimization
surveys and the use of big data and other new technologies. Latin America and
Caribbean examples ranged from the conducting Local Safety Audits in Mexico and Asia
and the Pacific examples included best practice in administrative systems from
Australia and Kazakhstan and the experimental use of Big Data for SDG16 Indicators
At the conclusion
of the Congress, Member States drafted the Kyoto Declaration (A/CONF.234/L.6) further contributing to increasing the prioritization
of crime statistics for evidence-based crime prevention strategies. The declaration
“22. Enhance evidence-based crime prevention strategies
through the collection and analysis of data using systematic and coherent
criteria, bearing in mind the International Classification of Crime for
Statistical Purposes, and evaluate the effectiveness of such strategies;
23. Improve the quality and availability of data on
crime trends, considering the development of statistical indicators, and share
such data, on a voluntary basis, to strengthen our capacity to better
understand global crime trends and improve the effectiveness of strategies to
prevent and combat crime.”
prioritization of this important field, the CoEs will continue to develop the
technical capacity of Member States to produce, collect, analyse and disseminate
high-quality crime statistics
Further information on the UNODC-KOSTAT CoE can be found at Twitter @CoE_UNODC and Facebook @UNODC.KOSTAT.CoE.
Further information of the UNODC-INEGI CoE can be found here and Twitter @CdE_UNODC.
Daejeon (Republic of Korea) Virtual, 20 November – The “Second Webinar on Crime Statistics from a Gender Perspective was an interactive discussion for E-Learning course participants to directly engage the course lecturers from UNODC-KOSTAT Centre of Excellence (CoE) and United Nations Statistical Institute for Asia and the Pacific (UNSIAP) for a question and answer session on the course content.
The webinar participants were representatives of ministries relevant to the course material, including National Statistics Offices, Ministries of Justice and Ministries of Gender Equality, representing 15 countries and 65 participants.
The webinar included presentations on the learning outcomes of the four modules. First, Mr. Matthew Harris-Williams, Researcher at the CoE, presented on the first three modules: the requirement for crime statistics; criminal acts, focusing on specific Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs); and the criminal justice system, each from a gender perspective. Module three also contained an overview on how to implement a sample survey. The second presentation from Mr. Eunkoo Lee, Statistician at UNSIAP, introduced Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) and simulated SDG computation with Rstudio.
After each presentation, a question and answer session enabled the audience to ask questions. A diverse pool of questions included the impact of gender-related legislation on crime statistics, particularly when gender is culturally and legally not accepted in a country. Another key topic involved the methodological aspect of SDG 5.3.1 (Child Marriage) with specific reference to computation method.
The Spanish translation version of E-Learning course on “Crime Statistics from a Gender Perspective” will launch in early 2021, for participants in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Daejeon (Republic of Korea) Virtual, 29 October – The “Webinar on Crime Statistics from a Gender Perspective“ marked the launch of the first partnership project between UNODC-KOSTAT Centre of Excellence (CoE) and the United Nations Statistical Institute for Asia and the Pacific (UNSIAP). The webinar brought together national and international thematic experts from National Statistics Offices, Ministries of Justice and Ministries of Gender Equality, representing 61 countries and 115 participants.
The webinar introduced the thematic content of the E-Learning course, namely crime statistics in relation to gender by highlighting basic concepts, methods and frameworks required to compile gender-based crime statistics and providing knowledge on the challenges and opportunities of working with different types of data sources.
The welcoming remarks were given by Mr. Ashish Kumar, Director of UNSIAP, and Ms. Kyungsoon Choi, Head of the CoE. Mr. Kumar opened the event recognizing the needs for statistics to contribute to equality “…as statisticians it is our responsibility that we measure the conditions of women and bring them to the fore of policy and decision-making of the governments and as a society at large” Ms. Choi highlighted the need for this course by stating that “Crime is a threat to peace, justice and security. To prevent crime, especially crimes against vulnerable groups such as women and girls, we need data because we cannot prevent something we don’t know exist. If we do not measure, they will remain buried as if they never happened.”
Expert panellists included Ms. Claudia Baroni, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, who discussed Gender-based Violence from a criminal justice perspective, Ms. Sara Duerto Valero, UN Women, presented on Gender-based Challenges in Asia and the Pacific, and Ms. Henriette Jansen, UN Population Fund, examined VAW Data Collection in the context of COVID-19.
After the presentations, a question and answer session enabled the audience to ask questions, which included discussion on implementing surveys, particularly the need to conduct interviews with appropriate enumerators. Another key topic involved the need for data collection, and ensuring appropriate criminal justice responses, across different groups, with specific reference to sexual violence against men and boys.
The second webinar on “Crime Statistics from a Gender Perspective” will be held on 19 November for course participants to directly engage the lecturers for an interactive session on the course content.
The video of the webinar can be found here Further information on the CoE can be found at Twitter @CoE_UNODC and Facebook @UNODC.KOSTAT.CoE.
Seoul (Republic of Korea) Virtual, 31 August - 2 September – The 6th International Conference on Big Data for Official Statistics from 31 August to 2 September 2020 was a virtual event hosted in Seoul, Republic of Korea. The Conference was organized by Statistics Korea (KOSTAT) and United Nations Global Working Group (GWG) on Big Data. The Conference built on the UN Global Platform, established in 2014, as a collaborative environment to discuss new data sources and advance technologies to assist the global statistical community.
This Conference brought together statisticians and leaders in the field of Big Data to focus on how new technologies, such as AI and machine learning, can be used to assess the socio-economic impact of COVID-19. The Conference also discussed the use of Big Data in other fields such as data collection for SDG indicators and collecting data for evidence-based policy-making.
The main theme of the Conference was to discuss “how can Big Data be utilized for COVID-19 responses?” Related themes included: “how can Big Data support the monitoring of the progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals?”; and “the need for global data collaboration on global emerging issues”.
The CoE, a joint project of KOSTAT and United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), co-organized Session 7, "Using Big Data for SDGs - SDG 16” on 1 September. The session was moderated by the Chief of the UNODC Research and Trends Analysis Branch, Angela Me, and brought together four experts in the field of Big Data and Crime, Francesca Rosa, UNODC Statistician, Dilek Fraisl, Chair of the WeObserve SDGs & Citizen Science Community of Practice, Juyoung Song, Assistant Professor of Criminal Justice, Penn State University, and Erin Miller, Program Manager of the Global Terrorism Database, University of Maryland. The session focused on the importance of collecting data for SDG 16 by using Big Data to identify crime patterns and trends.
Ms. Me, highlighted the possible opportunities Big Data provides to fill the gaps in administrative data collection, whilst reducing the associated costs of conducting crime Victimization Surveys. The role of UNODC as an innovative entity was reiterated as Ms. Rosa provided insight into the role exploring new data sources to gain insight into the impact of COVID-19 on crime. The innovative approaches presented by each panellist led to an lively session with a highly engaged audience, which asked questions focused on the uses of citizen driven data, particularly the challenges of its legitimacy.
To watch the session click here starting at 09:01:16.
Vienna (Austria), 30 July 2020 - Trafficking in persons is a serious crime and a grave violation of human rights. Every year, thousands of men, women and children fall into the hands of traffickers, in their own countries and abroad.
This year’s World Day against Trafficking in Persons focuses on the first responders to human trafficking. These are the people who work in different sectors - identifying, supporting, counselling and seeking justice for victims of trafficking, and challenging the impunity of the traffickers. During the COVID-19 crisis, the essential role of first responders has become even more important, particularly as the restrictions imposed by the pandemic have made their work even more difficult.
Through stories from first responders describing their practical work in assisting victims UNODC intends to spotlight their contribution and that of their function, institution, organization, team, or community and its impact on fighting trafficking. The key messages focus on the positive, recognizing the importance of the work done by first responders, as well as seeking support and raising awareness that these actions need to be sustained and replicated. The stories also highlight how first responders remained committed during the pandemic.
Stories of frontline workers are available at: endht.org
Vienna (Austria), 10 July 2020 - The World Wildlife Crime Report 2020 was launched by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). The report emphasizes the threat that wildlife crime poses to nature and the biodiversity of the planet.
The report states that the COVID-19 pandemic has shown that wildlife crime is a threat, not only to the environment and biodiversity, but also to human health. When wild animals are removed from their natural habitat and sold illegally, the potential for transmission of zoonotic diseases - those caused by pathogens that spread from animals to humans - is increased.
The report draws heavily on UNODC’s World WISE database, which contains almost 180,000 seizures from 149 countries and territories. The database shows that nearly 6,000 species were seized between 1999-2019, including mammals, reptiles, birds, fish, corals and hard woods. This data underscores the global nature of the issue.
Wildlife crime affects all countries through its impacts on biodiversity, human health, security and socio-economic development. Stopping the trafficking in wildlife species is a critical step not just to protect biodiversity and the rule of law, but to help prevent future public health emergencies.
According to the report, Asia has been the main destination of pangolin shipments and the illegal live reptile trade, among other illicitly trafficked flora and fauna, used in traditional medicine. Rosewood, protected under the Convention on International Trade of Endangered Wild Animals and Plants (CITES), comprises over 40% of global CITES seizures; over 90% of global imports (over US$3 billion) were destined for East and South Asia. To combat these challenges, the report reinforces the need for stronger criminal justice systems focusing on improving legal frameworks and strengthening the judicial process.
The World Wildlife Crime Report is available at: https://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/data-and-analysis/wildlife.html